Original Research

Fiksionaliteit in die Dramawêreld

M. Mouton
Literator | Vol 7, No 3 | a887 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/lit.v7i3.887 | © 1986 M. Mouton | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 May 1986 | Published: 07 May 1986

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M. Mouton,, South Africa

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The fictional drama world differs from the fictional world encountered in other literary genres, and the difference can be traced back to the link of the text with the performance.

A general, traditional view is that the fictional world of the dramatic text takes place in a fictional “here and now” .

Elam has postulated a theory following a study of the fictional drama world. He uses a term from logical semantics, viz. the “theory of possible worlds” and adjusts this to enable him to speak of a dramatic possible world. Elam mentions three aspects which help towards the establishment of the fictional drama world, viz.

  • the discovery of this world in medias res;
  • the making specific of this world through the fictional characters; and
  • the representation of this world in the performance.

Elam’s exposition still does not indicate which aspects of the fictional drama world within the text coincide with or differ from those in the performance. The fictionality of the drama world is linked to the aspect of the ostensible, and it is this link (implied in the text and edited in the performance) which characterizes the specific nature of the fictional in the drama genre and which distinguishes this genre from other literary genres.


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