Original Research

The presentation of male same-gender abuse in W.K. Tamsanqa’s Ithemba liyaphilisa

B.B. Mkonto
Literator | Vol 31, No 2 | a49 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/lit.v31i2.49 | © 2010 B.B. Mkonto | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 July 2010 | Published: 13 July 2010

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B.B. Mkonto, Department of Language & Literature, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa

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The aim of this article is to analyse the manner in which W.K. Tamsanqa depicts aggression initiated by males against other males and in so doing, engendering same-gender abuse in “Ithemba liyaphilisa”. Tamsanqa identifies certain amaXhosa cultural practices as being socially oppressive in same-gender relations within families and society. In addition his presentation of the characters’ continuation of traditional gender ideology will be explored to highlight familial conflict. These familial conflicts, seen as horizontal violence, are exacerbated by tribal laws and customs which reinforce vertical violence.


Masculinity; Patriarchy; Same-Gender; Socialist Realism


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