Original Research

’n Etimologiese perspektief op betekenisverandering in die Afrikaanse leksikon

T. van der Merwe
Literator | Vol 24, No 1 | a283 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/lit.v24i1.283 | © 2003 T. van der Merwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 August 2003 | Published: 01 August 2003

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T. van der Merwe, Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands, Universiteit van Stellenbosch, South Africa

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An etymological perspective on semantic change in the lexicon of Afrikaans

This article deals with the most important processes of semantic change that have occurred in Afrikaans: semantic broadening, narrowing, shift and bifurcation. These processes are not necessarily gradual. There are many cases of radical change with no intermediate stages. Attention is also paid to other characteristics of semantic change such as irregularity, unpredictability and the spreading of semantic changes through the speech community. The main focus of the discussion is on a number of different factors that are responsible for semantic change. An exemplified description is given of the mechanisms by which semantic changes have occurred thus far in Afrikaans. Although the variety of semantic changes in Afrikaans catches the attention, it is also noteworthy that the change has not been very extensive. Taking into consideration the geographical distance and the diminishing ties between South Africa and the Netherlands, the similarity between Afrikaans and Dutch is remarkable.


External Reasons For Semantic Changes; Features Of Languages Responsible For Semantic Changes; Processes Of Semantic Change In Afrikaans; Similarity Between Afrikaans And Dutch


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