Original Research

’n Leksikologiese studie van die klas adjektiewe waartoe ene behoort

F. Ponelis
Literator | Vol 27, No 3 | a202 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/lit.v27i3.202 | © 2006 F. Ponelis | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 July 2006 | Published: 30 July 2006

About the author(s)

F. Ponelis, Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands, Universiteit Stellenbosch, South Africa

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Abstract

A lexicological study of the set of Afrikaans adjectives containing 'ene'

The tiny lexicological set accounted for in the present article comprises “ene”, “loutere”, “pure”, “skone”, “suiwere”, “volle”, “reine” and “totale”.

Die kinders is die “ene” ore. The kids are all ears.

Die lees daarvan verskaf “loutere” plesier. Reading it provides sheer pleasure.


The lexicological framework forming the basis of the discussion makes reference to lexical, syntactic and semantic features. Formal and semantic specialisation is discussed and illustrated in respect of a wide range of data.

The adjectival set is defined in terms of semantic features such as the following.

(i) “totally, full of”
Haar lirieke is die “ene” opstand en adolessente aggressie.
Her lyrics are sheer revolt and adolescent aggression.

(ii) “nothing else than”
Ek bespeur “skone” (loutere, pure, suiwere, reine, die ene) verwondering op die gesigte rondom my.
I noticed sheer amazement on the faces around me.

Subsets within the encompassing whole are brought to light by crosscutting features, such as the combination of the definite article “die” (the) with “ene” and “pure”, and the variability of the ending -e in “loutere” and “suiwere” but not in “ene” and “skone”.

In conclusion, the articles dealing with “ene”, “loutere” and “pure” in the comprehensive dictionary of Afrikaans, “Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal”, are subjected to critical analysis.

Keywords

Lexical Specialisation; Lexical Description In The Comprehensive Dictionary; Woordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal; Lexicology

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